Conjugation of Spanish verb Repetir

Do you recall how you would copy or imitate whatever the adults around you did when you were a kid? Did you not have an underlying fear of having to retake some test at school or college? How often do you go back for a second helping of food?

Even though all of these questions above have distinct core verbs, we only need one in Spanish: repetir. You can pronounce it as reh-peh-TEER. The primary meaning of the Spanish verb repetir is to repeat. However, it may also imply to imitate, to retake, or to have a second helping. Likewise, you can easily see and understand them from the examples above.

Moreover, the repetir conjugation is identical to that of most other –ir verbs. However, there is an exception to this too. When the second syllable is stressed or the verb is in the subjunctive mood, the stem of repet- changes to repit-.

Thus, this article ahead will show you a variety of situations and examples where we use this verb. In addition, it will also throw light on how to conjugate it in the present tense. Scroll over and read on to get a better idea about repetir conjugation.

French Conjugation

In French, conjugation refers to the process of changing the endings of verbs. The person, the tense, and the mood all play a role (indicative, imperative and subjunctive). Additionally, the bulk of verbs’ infinitive form defines their whole meaning (eg. – parler). However, irregular verbs call for knowledge of more than just the infinitive form. Likewise, it is one of 7 major components in French. You can conjugate almost any French verb by knowing these 7 essential components of a verb. On the contrary, certain verbs, such as être, are highly irregular. Hence, the 7 core components are insufficient to completely conjugate those verbs.

English Conjugation

The alteration of a verb to indicate tense, mood, person, and so on is conjugation. In English, verbs have distinct meanings depending on when and who they are used with. Conjugating verbs includes changing them into a variety of forms in order to convey meaning though. If we regard verbs to represent the action part of speech, conjugation alters verbs. Nevertheless, it does so to reveal who is performing the action and when it takes place. If we do not conjugate the verb and leave it in its infinitive form, the context might be lost.

Spanish Conjugation

Nonetheless, in general, the ending of a Spanish verb must be altered to match the subject. Likewise, this needs to be done mainly in order to use it in a sentence. Consider a verb to be a power tool, akin to a drill. It has a variety of bits at the end that can be used for various tasks. Conjugation is another term for this.

The verbs in Spanish are separated into groups. Each group, however, has a different conjugation. Hence, you first need to recognise which category a verb belongs to. Thus, this will help you to master Spanish verbs like repetir (to repeat).

Normal: Verbs ending in -ar, -er, and -ir also follow regular conjugation norms.

Stem-changing: Moreover, this might change depending on how it is used in a sentence.

Spelling-changing: Some consonant spellings have been altered to conform to pronunciation guidelines.

Reflexive: The action is reflected back on the topic of the phrase.

Grammatical Conjugation

Moreover, verbs are not always conjugated in the present tense, in fact. There are also a number of causes for them to be altered into various forms – some subtle, some blatant. Grammatical conjugation, on the other hand, is the umbrella term for this verb-specific modifying. Inflection, a fancy way of transforming a word to convey a different or modified meaning, also helps to achieve conjugation. The number, person, and tense of a verb all influence how its conjugation occurs.

Repetir – Meanings and Uses

As already discussed, depending on the context, the verb repetir has multiple meanings. Let us now look at how to use the present tense or infinitive in each situation.

To repeat

In the meaning of doing or saying something again, the word repetir implies to repeat.

Gloria and Vienna are discussing their classes at school. Chemistry is Gloria’s favorite subject, since they get to experiment a lot in the lab. She thus says:

Normalmente repetimos el experimento para comprobar que el resultado no varía.

(Normally, we repeat the experiment to check that the result doesn’t change.)

Vienna however, prefers literature over science. She is quite good at French. Therefore, she says:

Repito los verbos una y otra vez para memorizar las conjugaciones, pero me encanta aprender francés.

(I repeat the verbs over and over again to memorize the conjugations, but I love learning French.)

On the contrary, Gloria is struggling with the language:

Pues para mí es muy difícil. La profesora repite los verbos cientos de veces pero no los aprendo.

(Well, for me it’s very difficult. The teacher repeats the verbs hundreds of times but I can’t learn them.)

To mimic/imitate

Vienna feels that the best way to learning any language is to repeat and imitate everything that one hears:

Si repites lo que oyes en canciones o películas, mejorarás tu pronunciación.

(If you repeat what you hear in songs or movies, you will improve your pronunciation.)

To retake

Nevertheless, Gloria is worried about her test. If she fails, she is afraid about having to retake it again in the summer.

No quiero repetir el examen.

(I don’t want to retake the exam.)

Repetir Conjugation Present Indicative Form

We use the present tense to talk about routines or habits. These are usually things which we do (or don’t do) on a regular basis.

In the present, however, repetir is slightly irregular. Likewise, it means that one of the vowels in the stem varies throughout conjugation. In the present, there are three types of stem changes: o > ue, e > ie, and e > i. Besides the nosotros and vosotros forms, all other forms modify their stem. Except for nosotros/as and vosotros/as, we need the stem repit- for all subject pronouns.

Hence, now let us take a look at it’s conjugation.

Subject PronounsPresent IndicativeTranslation
yorepitoI repeat
repitesYou repeat
él/ella/ustedrepiteHe/She repeats –

You (formal) repeat

nosotros/nosotrasrepetimosWe repeat
vosotros/vosotrasrepetísYou all repeat
ellos/ellas/ustedesrepitenThey/You all (formal) repeat

Repetir Conjugation Present Perfect Indicative Form

Subject PronounsPresent Perfect Indicative
yohe repetido
has repetido
él/ella/ustedha repetido
nosotros/nosotrashemos repetido
vosotros/vosotrashabéis repetido
ellos/ellas/ustedeshan repetido

Repetir Conjugation Past Indicative Form

Subject PronounsPast Indicative

Repetir Conjugation Preterite Indicative Form

In Spanish, the preterite tense is usually the equivalent of the simple past tense. In contrast to the imperfect tense, the preterite usually denotes that an action met a clear end.

Subject PronounsPreterite IndicativeTranslation
yorepetíI repeated
repetisteYou repeated
usted/él/ellarepitióYou/He/She repeated
nosotrosrepetimosWe repeated
vosotrosrepetisteisYou repeated
ustedes/ellos/ellasrepitieronYou/They repeated

Repetir Conjugation Imperfect Indicative Form

Past events that occurred over an undefined length of time are referred to in the imperfect tense. In English, it’s commonly translated as used to + verb or was + verb + -ing.

Subject PronounsImperfect IndicativeTranslation
yorepetíaI was repeating
repetíasYou were repeating
usted/él/ellarepetíaYou/He/She was repeating
nosotrosrepetíamosWe were repeating
vosotrosrepetíaisYou were repeating
ustedes/ellos/ellasrepetíaisYou/They were repeating

Repetir Conjugation Future Indicative Form

Subject PronounsFuture Indicative

Repetir Conjugation Periphrastic Future

In Spanish, the periphrastic future tense often replaces the simple future. It is the equivalent of the English going to + verb construction.

Subject PronounsPeriphrastic FutureTranslation
yovoy a repetirI am going to repeat
vas a repetirYou are going to repeat
usted/él/ellava a repetirYou/he/she are/is going to repeat
nosotrosvamos a repetirWe are going to repeat
vosotrosvais a repetirYou are going to repeat
ustedes/ellos/ellasvan a repetirYou/they are going to repeat

Repetir Conjugation Infinitive Form.

Present Infinitive of repetir: repetir

Past Infinitive of repetir: haber repetido

Repetir Conjugation Gerund Form

The progressive tenses use the gerund in Spanish. Likewise, this is equivalent to the -ing ending, i.e., present participle. Gerunds rarely stand on their own and are usually used in conjunction with the verb estar.

Present Gerund of repetir: repitiendo

Past Gerund of repetir: habiendo repetido

 Repetir Conjugation Past Participle Form

Past participles can function as either adjectives or as part of a verb form that starts with haber. It usually denotes a complete action.

Past participle of repetir: repetido

Repetir Conjugation Conditional Form

In English, conditional verbs are usually translated as would. They usually indicate that if some other condition satisfies, something could happen.

Subject PronounsConditionalTranslation
yorepetiríaI would repeat
repetiríasYou would repeat
usted/él/ellarepetiríaYou/He/She would repeat
nosotrosrepetiríamosWe would repeat
vosotrosrepetiríaisYou would repeat
ustedes/ellos/ellasrepetiríanYou/They would repeat

Repetir Conjugation Present Subjunctive Form

You will find the use of the subjunctive mood way more often in Spanish than in English. It typically follows the relative pronoun que.

Subject PronounsPresent SubjunctiveTranslation
que yo que repitaThat I repeat
que tú  que repitasThat You repeat
que usted/él/ellaque repitaThat You/He/She repeat
que nosotrosque repitamosThat We repeat
que vosotrosque repitáisThat You repeat
que ustedes/ellos/ellasque repitanThat You/They repeat

Repetir Conjugation Past Subjunctive Form

Subject PronounsPast Conditional
que yo  haya repetido
que tú  hayas repetido
que usted/él/ellahaya repetido
que nosotroshayamos repetido
que vosotroshayáis repetido
que ustedes/ellos/ellashayan repetido

Repetir Conjugation Imperfect Subjunctive Form

In Spanish, there are 2 forms of the past subjunctive. They are typically convertible. However, the first option below is more common.

Option 1

Subject PronounsImperfect SubjunctiveTranslation
que yo que repitieraThat I repeated
que tú  que repitierasThat You repeated
que usted/él/ellaque repitieraThat You/He/She repeated
que nosotrosque repitiéramosThat We repeated
que vosotrosque repitieráisThat You repeated
que ustedes/ellos/ellasque repitieranThat You/They repeated

Option 2

Subject PronounsImperfect SubjunctiveTranslation
que yo que repitieseThat I repeated
que tú  que repitiesesThat You repeated
que usted/él/ellaque repitieseThat You/He/She repeated
que nosotrosque repitiésemosThat We repeated
que vosotrosque repitieseisThat You repeated
que ustedes/ellos/ellasque repitiesenThat You/They repeated

Repetir Conjugation Pluperfect Subjunctive Form

Option 1

Subject PronounsPluperfect Subjunctive
que yoque hubiera repetido
que túque hubieras repetido
que él/ella/ustedque hubiera repetido
que nosotros/nosotrasque hubiéramos repetido
que vosotros/vosotrasque hubierais repetido
que ellos/ellas/ustedesque hubieran repetido

Option 2

Subject PronounsPluperfect Subjunctive
que yoque hubiese repetido
que túque hubieses repetido
que él/ella/ustedque hubiese repetido
que nosotros/nosotrasque hubiésemos repetido
que vosotros/vosotrasque hubieseis repetido
que ellos/ellas/ustedesque hubiesen repetido

Repetir Conjugation Future Subjunctive Form

Subject PronounsFuture Subjunctive
que yoque repitiere
que túque repitieres
que él/ella/ustedque repitiere
que nosotros/nosotrasque repitiéremos
que vosotros/vosotrasque repitiereis
que ellos/ellas/ustedesque repitieren

Vivir Conjugation Imperative Form

We usually give/make commands in the imperative mood. In the first-person singular, Spanish has no imperative form though. This occurs since the language assumes you won’t talk out loud in telling yourself what to do.

Hence, the letter e in the stem of the third group of stem-changing verbs changes to i in all forms. However, nosotros and vosotros are exceptions to it. Another e: i stem-changing verb is this one. In comparison however, vivir is a regular verb.

Imperative (Positive Command)

Subject PronounsImperative (Positive)Translation
nosotrosrepitamosLet’s repeat!

Imperative (Negative Command)

Subject PronounsImperative (Negative)Translation
no repitasDon’t repeat!
ustedno repitaDon’t repeat!
nosotrosno repitamosLet’s not repeat!
vosotrosno repitáisDon’t repeat!
ustedesno repitanDon’t repeat!

You May Also Like

About the Author: mike