Conjugation of Spanish verb Repetir

Do you recall how you would copy or imitate whatever the adults around you did when you were a kid? Did you not have an underlying fear of having to retake some test at school or college? How often do you go back for a second helping of food?

Even though all of these questions above have distinct core verbs, we only need one in Spanish: repetir. You can pronounce it as reh-peh-TEER. The primary meaning of the Spanish verb repetir is to repeat. However, it may also imply to imitate, to retake, or to have a second helping. Likewise, you can easily see and understand them from the examples above.

Moreover, the repetir conjugation is identical to that of most other –ir verbs. However, there is an exception to this too. When the second syllable is stressed or the verb is in the subjunctive mood, the stem of repet- changes to repit-.

Thus, this article ahead will show you a variety of situations and examples where we use this verb. In addition, it will also throw light on how to conjugate it in the present tense. Scroll over and read on to get a better idea about repetir conjugation.

French Conjugation

In French, conjugation refers to the process of changing the endings of verbs. The person, the tense, and the mood all play a role (indicative, imperative and subjunctive). Additionally, the bulk of verbs’ infinitive form defines their whole meaning (eg. – parler). However, irregular verbs call for knowledge of more than just the infinitive form. Likewise, it is one of 7 major components in French. You can conjugate almost any French verb by knowing these 7 essential components of a verb. On the contrary, certain verbs, such as être, are highly irregular. Hence, the 7 core components are insufficient to completely conjugate those verbs.

English Conjugation

The alteration of a verb to indicate tense, mood, person, and so on is conjugation. In English, verbs have distinct meanings depending on when and who they are used with. Conjugating verbs includes changing them into a variety of forms in order to convey meaning though. If we regard verbs to represent the action part of speech, conjugation alters verbs. Nevertheless, it does so to reveal who is performing the action and when it takes place. If we do not conjugate the verb and leave it in its infinitive form, the context might be lost.

Spanish Conjugation

Nonetheless, in general, the ending of a Spanish verb must be altered to match the subject. Likewise, this needs to be done mainly in order to use it in a sentence. Consider a verb to be a power tool, akin to a drill. It has a variety of bits at the end that can be used for various tasks. Conjugation is another term for this.

The verbs in Spanish are separated into groups. Each group, however, has a different conjugation. Hence, you first need to recognise which category a verb belongs to. Thus, this will help you to master Spanish verbs like repetir (to repeat).

Normal: Verbs ending in -ar, -er, and -ir also follow regular conjugation norms.

Stem-changing: Moreover, this might change depending on how it is used in a sentence.

Spelling-changing: Some consonant spellings have been altered to conform to pronunciation guidelines.

Reflexive: The action is reflected back on the topic of the phrase.

Grammatical Conjugation

Moreover, verbs are not always conjugated in the present tense, in fact. There are also a number of causes for them to be altered into various forms – some subtle, some blatant. Grammatical conjugation, on the other hand, is the umbrella term for this verb-specific modifying. Inflection, a fancy way of transforming a word to convey a different or modified meaning, also helps to achieve conjugation. The number, person, and tense of a verb all influence how its conjugation occurs.

Repetir – Meanings and Uses

As already discussed, depending on the context, the verb repetir has multiple meanings. Let us now look at how to use the present tense or infinitive in each situation.

To repeat

In the meaning of doing or saying something again, the word repetir implies to repeat.

Gloria and Vienna are discussing their classes at school. Chemistry is Gloria’s favorite subject, since they get to experiment a lot in the lab. She thus says:

Normalmente repetimos el experimento para comprobar que el resultado no varía.

(Normally, we repeat the experiment to check that the result doesn’t change.)

Vienna however, prefers literature over science. She is quite good at French. Therefore, she says:

Repito los verbos una y otra vez para memorizar las conjugaciones, pero me encanta aprender francés.

(I repeat the verbs over and over again to memorize the conjugations, but I love learning French.)

On the contrary, Gloria is struggling with the language:

Pues para mí es muy difícil. La profesora repite los verbos cientos de veces pero no los aprendo.

(Well, for me it’s very difficult. The teacher repeats the verbs hundreds of times but I can’t learn them.)

To mimic/imitate

Vienna feels that the best way to learning any language is to repeat and imitate everything that one hears:

Si repites lo que oyes en canciones o películas, mejorarás tu pronunciación.

(If you repeat what you hear in songs or movies, you will improve your pronunciation.)

To retake

Nevertheless, Gloria is worried about her test. If she fails, she is afraid about having to retake it again in the summer.

No quiero repetir el examen.

(I don’t want to retake the exam.)

Repetir Conjugation Present Indicative Form

We use the present tense to talk about routines or habits. These are usually things which we do (or don’t do) on a regular basis.

In the present, however, repetir is slightly irregular. Likewise, it means that one of the vowels in the stem varies throughout conjugation. In the present, there are three types of stem changes: o > ue, e > ie, and e > i. Besides the nosotros and vosotros forms, all other forms modify their stem. Except for nosotros/as and vosotros/as, we need the stem repit- for all subject pronouns.

Hence, now let us take a look at it’s conjugation.

Subject Pronouns Present Indicative Translation
yo repito I repeat
repites You repeat
él/ella/usted repite He/She repeats –

You (formal) repeat

nosotros/nosotras repetimos We repeat
vosotros/vosotras repetís You all repeat
ellos/ellas/ustedes repiten They/You all (formal) repeat

Repetir Conjugation Present Perfect Indicative Form

Subject Pronouns Present Perfect Indicative
yo he repetido
has repetido
él/ella/usted ha repetido
nosotros/nosotras hemos repetido
vosotros/vosotras habéis repetido
ellos/ellas/ustedes han repetido

Repetir Conjugation Past Indicative Form

Subject Pronouns Past Indicative
yo repetía
él/ella/usted repetía
nosotros/nosotras repetíamos
vosotros/vosotras repetíais
ellos/ellas/ustedes repetían

Repetir Conjugation Preterite Indicative Form

In Spanish, the preterite tense is usually the equivalent of the simple past tense. In contrast to the imperfect tense, the preterite usually denotes that an action met a clear end.

Subject Pronouns Preterite Indicative Translation
yo repetí I repeated
repetiste You repeated
usted/él/ella repitió You/He/She repeated
nosotros repetimos We repeated
vosotros repetisteis You repeated
ustedes/ellos/ellas repitieron You/They repeated

Repetir Conjugation Imperfect Indicative Form

Past events that occurred over an undefined length of time are referred to in the imperfect tense. In English, it’s commonly translated as used to + verb or was + verb + -ing.

Subject Pronouns Imperfect Indicative Translation
yo repetía I was repeating
repetías You were repeating
usted/él/ella repetía You/He/She was repeating
nosotros repetíamos We were repeating
vosotros repetíais You were repeating
ustedes/ellos/ellas repetíais You/They were repeating

Repetir Conjugation Future Indicative Form

Subject Pronouns Future Indicative
yo repetiré
él/ella/usted repetirá
nosotros/nosotras repetiremos
vosotros/vosotras repetiréis
ellos/ellas/ustedes repetirán

Repetir Conjugation Periphrastic Future

In Spanish, the periphrastic future tense often replaces the simple future. It is the equivalent of the English going to + verb construction.

Subject Pronouns Periphrastic Future Translation
yo voy a repetir I am going to repeat
vas a repetir You are going to repeat
usted/él/ella va a repetir You/he/she are/is going to repeat
nosotros vamos a repetir We are going to repeat
vosotros vais a repetir You are going to repeat
ustedes/ellos/ellas van a repetir You/they are going to repeat

Repetir Conjugation Infinitive Form.

Present Infinitive of repetir: repetir

Past Infinitive of repetir: haber repetido

Repetir Conjugation Gerund Form

The progressive tenses use the gerund in Spanish. Likewise, this is equivalent to the -ing ending, i.e., present participle. Gerunds rarely stand on their own and are usually used in conjunction with the verb estar.

Present Gerund of repetir: repitiendo

Past Gerund of repetir: habiendo repetido

 Repetir Conjugation Past Participle Form

Past participles can function as either adjectives or as part of a verb form that starts with haber. It usually denotes a complete action.

Past participle of repetir: repetido

Repetir Conjugation Conditional Form

In English, conditional verbs are usually translated as would. They usually indicate that if some other condition satisfies, something could happen.

Subject Pronouns Conditional Translation
yo repetiría I would repeat
repetirías You would repeat
usted/él/ella repetiría You/He/She would repeat
nosotros repetiríamos We would repeat
vosotros repetiríais You would repeat
ustedes/ellos/ellas repetirían You/They would repeat

Repetir Conjugation Present Subjunctive Form

You will find the use of the subjunctive mood way more often in Spanish than in English. It typically follows the relative pronoun que.

Subject Pronouns Present Subjunctive Translation
que yo que repita That I repeat
que tú  que repitas That You repeat
que usted/él/ella que repita That You/He/She repeat
que nosotros que repitamos That We repeat
que vosotros que repitáis That You repeat
que ustedes/ellos/ellas que repitan That You/They repeat

Repetir Conjugation Past Subjunctive Form

Subject Pronouns Past Conditional
que yo  haya repetido
que tú  hayas repetido
que usted/él/ella haya repetido
que nosotros hayamos repetido
que vosotros hayáis repetido
que ustedes/ellos/ellas hayan repetido

Repetir Conjugation Imperfect Subjunctive Form

In Spanish, there are 2 forms of the past subjunctive. They are typically convertible. However, the first option below is more common.

Option 1

Subject Pronouns Imperfect Subjunctive Translation
que yo que repitiera That I repeated
que tú  que repitieras That You repeated
que usted/él/ella que repitiera That You/He/She repeated
que nosotros que repitiéramos That We repeated
que vosotros que repitieráis That You repeated
que ustedes/ellos/ellas que repitieran That You/They repeated

Option 2

Subject Pronouns Imperfect Subjunctive Translation
que yo que repitiese That I repeated
que tú  que repitieses That You repeated
que usted/él/ella que repitiese That You/He/She repeated
que nosotros que repitiésemos That We repeated
que vosotros que repitieseis That You repeated
que ustedes/ellos/ellas que repitiesen That You/They repeated

Repetir Conjugation Pluperfect Subjunctive Form

Option 1

Subject Pronouns Pluperfect Subjunctive
que yo que hubiera repetido
que tú que hubieras repetido
que él/ella/usted que hubiera repetido
que nosotros/nosotras que hubiéramos repetido
que vosotros/vosotras que hubierais repetido
que ellos/ellas/ustedes que hubieran repetido

Option 2

Subject Pronouns Pluperfect Subjunctive
que yo que hubiese repetido
que tú que hubieses repetido
que él/ella/usted que hubiese repetido
que nosotros/nosotras que hubiésemos repetido
que vosotros/vosotras que hubieseis repetido
que ellos/ellas/ustedes que hubiesen repetido

Repetir Conjugation Future Subjunctive Form

Subject Pronouns Future Subjunctive
que yo que repitiere
que tú que repitieres
que él/ella/usted que repitiere
que nosotros/nosotras que repitiéremos
que vosotros/vosotras que repitiereis
que ellos/ellas/ustedes que repitieren

Vivir Conjugation Imperative Form

We usually give/make commands in the imperative mood. In the first-person singular, Spanish has no imperative form though. This occurs since the language assumes you won’t talk out loud in telling yourself what to do.

Hence, the letter e in the stem of the third group of stem-changing verbs changes to i in all forms. However, nosotros and vosotros are exceptions to it. Another e: i stem-changing verb is this one. In comparison however, vivir is a regular verb.

Imperative (Positive Command)

Subject Pronouns Imperative (Positive) Translation
repite Repeat!
usted repita Repeat!
nosotros repitamos Let’s repeat!
vosotros repetid Repeat!
ustedes repitan Repeat!

Imperative (Negative Command)

Subject Pronouns Imperative (Negative) Translation
no repitas Don’t repeat!
usted no repita Don’t repeat!
nosotros no repitamos Let’s not repeat!
vosotros no repitáis Don’t repeat!
ustedes no repitan Don’t repeat!